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2011 Coal: A review of South Africa's coal sector (PDF Report)


Coal is of critical importance to the South African energy economy. It is the source of 93% of the country’s electricity, 70% of its primary energy and 30% of its petroleum liquid fuels. Local demand for coal is growing, particularly from electricity utility Eskom, which is pursuing a massive capacity expansion programme that includes significant new coal-fired facilities.

At the same time, demand for South African coal on the export market is rising, particularly from countries such as India and China, and South African coal-mining companies are benefiting from increased prices for their export coal. This report details activities in South Africa's coal-mining industry and includes production and consumption statistics, as well as an overview of the major participants and selected smaller participants in the industry.


Published: 31 August 2011.


Key developments 1

Overview of South Africa’s coal market 2–12

  • Demand
    • Local demand: Eskom
    • Local demand: Other
    • Export sales
  • Operational challenges
    • Export logistics
    • Cost containment
    • Safety Labour issues
    • Skills shortages
    • Environmental issues
    • General corporate activity

Major companies 13–20

  • Anglo American Thermal Coal
  • BHP Billiton Energy Coal South Africa
  • Exxaro Resources
  • Optimum Coal Holdings
  • Sasol Mining
  • Xstrata Coal South Africa
  • Company profiles

Smaller companies 21–29

  • Bisichi Mining
  • Coal of Africa Limited
  • Continental Coal
  • Forbes & Manhattan Coal Corporation
  • Keaton Energy
  • Miranda Minerals
  • Resource Generation
  • Sentula Mining South African Coal Mining Holdings
  • Total Coal South Africa
  • Universal Coal
  • Wescoal
  • Company profiles

Selected Coal Projects in South Africa 30–35

  • AATC: Zibulo, New Largo
  • Becsa: Douglas/Middelburg optimisaiton, Klipspruit Exxaro Resources: Grootegeluk Medupi expansion, Thabametsi
  • Optimum Coal: Boschmanspoort, Kwagga North, Schoonoord
  • Sasol Mining: Thubelisha, Impumulelo, Shondoni, Mafutha
  • Xstrata Coal South Africa: Atcom East, Tweefontein, Zonnebloem

Projects under development by smaller companies

Prospects 36

Main sources 37–38

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